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중국지역연구 Vol.4 No.2 pp.93-123 https://www.doi.org/
시진핑 시대의 중국 기독교 발전 방향-기독교 중국화를 중심으로-
김형근 신라대학교 국제지역학부 교수
김애린 북경대학교 종교학과 박사과정
Key Words : the Government led by Xi Jinping, Christianity, Sinicization, Indigenization

Abstract

After the founding of New China, China has experienced the development process of class struggle and economic construction. During this period, the Chinese government shifted its view on religious policy from suppression to relaxation. In other words, the process of socialist construction and the reform and opening up after the founding of new China have made the Chinese government's leaders to take an increasingly open altitude to religious issues. Under such circumstances, Chinese Christianity has enjoyed rapid development in recent decades. During the transitional period of social structure, people attach much attention to religion because the more unstable the times is, the more psychological comfort people need. China's traditional religions and values have been hit greatly after the Cultural Revolution. For modern Chinese who are full of chaos and unease in life, Christianity can easily become their psychological object of sustenance. As we all know, China is a socialist country led by the Communist Party of China. Nowadays, many young Chinese people do not maintain a hard-working attitude toward communism. Their moral system fails to exert power that is different from the past in terms of pragmatism and materialism. To make matters worse, more and more young people have expressed a friendly attitude toward Christianity, ringing the alarm for the Communist Party of China. Thanks to the economic boom, the Government led by Xi Jinping has gained more confidence than in the past. According to recent reports, the religious policy of the Government led by Xi Jinping appears to have reinforced its religious control policy. So what kinds of policies will the Government take in the future in respect of Chinese Christianity? Based on this, can we infer the future development direction of Christianity? This is the subject of this paper. Since the Government led by Xi Jinping comes to power, the main altitude of the Chinese government for Christianity is the sinicization of Christianity, which is closely related to the unique Chinese thought. China has had several experiences in the history of the sinicization of Christianity. Besides, the Chinese Buddhism has already gone through many twists and turns, thus successfully realizing the sinicization of Buddhism. Now no one considers Chinese Buddhism as a foreign religion, but rather as a religion of Chinese nation. Such a success has further encouraged the Chinese government and its leaders to demand that Christianity also go along the path of success that Chinese Buddhism has taken.
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