중국지역연구 Vol.2 No.2 pp.55-74 https://www.doi.org/
Key Words : China, Tourism industry, Efficiency, DEA window analysis, DEA-Mamlquist index, Regional economic development
This report analyzes the efficiency of tourism industry of 31 provinces in China, using DEA Window Analysis and DEA-Mamlquist index, period from 2003 to 2013. According to the quantitative analysis, found that 1) the total factor productivity of Chinese tourism industry regions are: east, northeast, west and central part. As for other regions, the economic development in east region is relatively high, the infrastructure conduction is relatively completed, and the environment for the development of tourism industry is relatively good. 2) from 2003 to 2007, there are big differences between the input and output in tourism industry in each region, which due to the unbalance of the development of macroeconomic in China. And the process of the production in most of the region's tourism industry still needs a lot of infrastructure construction, the whole tourism development actually still in the stage of high input- low output, so the tourism industry in many cities is inefficient. 3) from the efficiency analysis since 2009 to 2013, which showed that the efficiency of Chinese tourism industry remains a growing situation, during this period, the infrastructure conduction in each regions almost already improved, so in the this stage is low input- high output.